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Fig. 3 | EvoDevo

Fig. 3

From: A novel gene’s role in an ancient mechanism: secreted Frizzled-related protein 1 is a critical component in the anterior–posterior Wnt signaling network that governs the establishment of the anterior neuroectoderm in sea urchin embryos

Fig. 3

Function of maternal and zygotic sFRP-1 during ANE restriction. A Compared to control embryos (a), embryos injected with sfrp-1 mRNA show expanded foxq2 expression (b). B In the absence of sFRP-1, foxq2 expression is completely eliminated from ANE territory (Bb), whereas sFRP-1 morphants co-injected with ΔFzl5/8 show expanded foxq2 expression (Bc). The number of embryos examined that show the representative phenotypes depicted is indicated in each panel. C A model diagram for ANE restriction during late blastula stages showing Wnt1/Wnt8–Fzl5/8–JNK signaling downregulates the transcription of fzl5/8 in posterior ectoderm, restricting its expression to the ANE territory. In the ANE, Fzl5/8 signaling activates dkk1 expression, antagonizing Wnt1/Wnt8–Fzl5/8–JNK signaling and establishing the ANE territory. Maternal and/or zygotic sFRP-1 is also necessary to antagonize Fzl5/8 signaling at this stage of development. The model is based data presented in this figure and from [20]. D Expression of foxq2 from 60-cell stage to mesenchyme blastula stage in control embryos (Dae), in translation-blocking sFRP-1 morphants (Dfj) and splice-blocking sFRP-1 morphants (Dko). MO, morpholino. Scale bar = 20 μm

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