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Table 1 A summary of single-gene expression studies performed on developing butterfly wings, indicating whether notable differences in domains of expression have been described in butterflies relative to D. melanogaster

From: Conservation and flexibility in the gene regulatory landscape of heliconiine butterfly wings

Gene Species Any novel domains? References
Ultrabithorax J. coenia   [63, 64]
apterous J. coenia, B. anynana Localized reduction in expression associated with ventralization of pattern [9, 47]
engrailed/invected J. coenia Eyespot associated [9]
  P. rapae, B. anynana, Saturnia pavonia, Antheraea polyphemus   [42]
scalloped J. coenia   [9]
wingless V. cardui, A. vanillae, J. coenia, Battus philenor, B. mori, M. sexta, Z. morio, B. anynana, P. rapae Expressed in association with basal and marginal pattern elements [35, 42, 44]
cut V. cardui, A. vanillae, J. coenia, Battus philenor, B. mori, M. sexta, Z. morio   [35]
hedgehog J. coenia, B. anynana Eyespot associated [26]
cubitus interruptus J. coenia, B. anynana Eyespot associated [26]
patched J. coenia, B. anynana Eyespot associated [26]
achaete-scute J. coenia   [14]
Notch H. erato, H. melpomene, A. vanillae P. rapae, M. sexta, V. cardui, J. coenia, B. anynana   [49, 51]
Optix Heliconius spp, J. coenia, V. cardui, Butterfly specific, in association with specific scale types [36, 50]
WntA Heliconius spp, Limenitis arthemis, A. vanillae, J. coenia, Danaus plexippus Butterfly specific, in association with specific pattern elements [15, 40, 41]
doublesex Papilio, B. anynana   [5, 31]
aristaless1 & aristaless2 J. coenia, Limenitis arthemis, Spodoptera ornithogalli, Ephestia kuehniella Wing pattern associated, including Discalis II elements [39]
Distal-less H. erato, H. melpomene, A. vanillae P. rapae, M. sexta, V. cardui, J. coenia, B. anynana, Saturnia pavonia, Antheraea polyphemus Dynamic eyespot-associated expression [6, 9, 51]
spalt major V. cardui, P. rapae, P. oleracea, Colias philodice, C. eurytheme, B. anynana Eyespot associated [42, 57, 67]
decapentaplegic J coenia, B. anynana Parallel to veins, in addition to A-P [9, 11]
Ecdysone receptor J coenia Eyespot associated [28]
pSmad B. anynana, P. rapae Eyespot associated [42]
Antennapedia B. anynana, Heteropsis iboina, Pararge aegeria and Melanargia galathea, Lasiommata megera, J. coenia, M. cinxia, Inachis io, Caligo memnon Eyespot associated [54]
cortex H. melpomene, H. numata Butterfly specific, pattern associated [43]
armadillo B. anynana   [11]
BarH1 Colias Butterfly specific, pigment associated [65]
  1. Many of the genes listed, in addition to having domains of expression that are homologous to those found in D. melanogaster, are also expressed in association with eyespots