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Table 4 p-values for post hoc pairwise Mann–Whitney U tests

From: Identifying the homology of the short human pisiform and its lost ossification center

 HumanChimpanzeeBonoboGorillaOrangutanHylobatidMacaque
Pisiform
 Human0.8840.08050.06861.24E−04*0.8360.00102*
 Chimpanzee1.03E−17*0.1370.05171.08E−04*0.7394.60E−04*
 Bonobo1.29E−05*0.003310.5920.2600.08568.77E−04*
 Gorilla1.01E−11*0.9670.005690.01080.06982.95E−04*
 Orangutan6.70E−05*0.2180.008000.2898.34E−05*1.71E−10*
 Hylobatid9.07E−07*0.1057.05E−04*0.1470.9781.57E−04*
 Macaque5.05E−14*3.91E−05*0.5166.14E−04*0.00225*7.45E−05*
Calcaneus
 Human0.4190.01650.4131.75E−05*0.8770.00150*
 Chimpanzee 0.007050.07456.40E−07*0.2540.00205*
 Bonobo  0.08320.1210.02141.80E−05*
 Gorilla   9.18E−05*0.5723.63E−06*
 Orangutan    3.31E−05*1.82E−11*
 Hylobatid     4.05E−04*
 Macaque      
  1. Mann–Whitney U test p-values comparing the associations between species of the dental eruption stage of the pisiform primary ossification (top panel, below diagonal), pisiform epiphysis ossification (top panel, above diagonal), and calcaneus epiphysis ossification (lower panel, above diagonal). Humans were included in both pisiform analyses
  2. * Denotes significant p values at the Bonferroni corrected α = 0.00238