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Table 2 Mature floral trait means for the five included Jaltomata species and Solanum pimpinellifolium

From: Heterochronic developmental shifts underlie floral diversity within Jaltomata (Solanaceae)

  J. darcyana (n = 7) J. sinuosa (n = 7) J. calliantha (n = 7) J. dendroidea (n = 3) J. umbellata (n = 5) S. pimpinellifolium (n = 3)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Calyx diameter (mm) 11.88a 0.37 15.49b 0.40 33.88c 1.21 19.69d 1.74 8.14e 1.63 5.77f 0.43
Sepal length (mm) 6.32a 0.16 7.48b 0.25 18.01c 1.10 9.67d 0.80 4.41e 0.73 3.45f 0.23
Corolla diameter (mm) 20.48a 2.18 29.82b 2.27 27.48c 3.48 35.35d 3.27 15.32e 2.52 15.58e 0.58
Corolla depth (mm) 0.77a 0.09 1.38a 0.27 15.57b 1.84 12.72c 0.88 10.25d 2.27 0.45a 0.07
Corolla fusion (mm) 3.96a 0.28 9.45b 0.46 15.64c 0.44 14.91c 3.78 10.33b 1.22 1.60d 0.25
Corolla fusion proportion 0.42a 0.07 0.64b 0.05 0.86c 0.08 0.65b 0.10 0.72b 0.08 0.21d 0.03
Lobe length (mm) 5.48a 1.42 5.40a 0.70 2.77b 1.83 7.65c 0.66 4.08a 0.96 5.97a 0.11
Petal length (mm) 9.53a 1.39 14.85b 1.04 18.41c 1.92 22.56d 2.98 14.40b 0.81 7.57e 0.22
Stamen length (mm) 4.76a 0.38 10.80b 0.60 10.48b 1.00 10.94b 0.35 10.45b 0.57 6.15c 0.09
Anther length (mm) 1.43a 0.10 1.59b 0.10 3.27c 0.19 1.86d 0.05 1.34a 0.15 5.75e 0.12
Ovary diameter (mm) 1.78a 0.14 2.28b 0.19 5.30c 0.41 3.15d 0.18 1.37e 0.26 1.12e 0.06
Style length (mm) 4.79a 0.53 7.90b 0.73 8.38b 0.66 12.74c 0.86 14.64d 1.47 5.45a 0.21
Nectar volume (μl) 2.19a 0.48 6.86b 1.31 50.62c 3.76 32.89d 7.03 17.80e 3.84 0.00a 0.00
  1. Sample sizes refer to the number of individuals measured (at least 3 flowers per individual). Significant differences among species are indicated by different letters (p < 0.001 following Bonferroni correction, with ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD). Jaltomata data from [42]