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  1. Brachiopods undergo radial cleavage, which is distinct from the stereotyped development of closely related spiralian taxa. The mesoderm has been inferred to derive from the archenteron walls following gastrula...

    Authors: Yale J Passamaneck, Andreas Hejnol and Mark Q Martindale

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  2. The urodele amphibians (salamanders) are the only adult tetrapods able to regenerate the limb. It is unclear if this is an ancestral property that is retained in salamanders but lost in other tetrapods or if i...

    Authors: Jie Geng, Phillip B Gates, Anoop Kumar, Stefan Guenther, Acely Garza-Garcia, Carsten Kuenne, Peng Zhang, Mario Looso and Jeremy P Brockes

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:9

    Content type: Short report

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  3. The ABC model of flower development describes the molecular basis for specification of floral organ identity in model eudicots such as Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum. According to this model, expression of C-class g...

    Authors: Ana Maria R Almeida, Roxana Yockteng, Wagner C Otoni and Chelsea D Specht

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  4. The bat has strikingly divergent forelimbs (long digits supporting wing membranes) and hindlimbs (short, typically free digits) due to the distinct requirements of both aerial and terrestrial locomotion. Durin...

    Authors: Mandy K Mason, Dorit Hockman, Lyle Curry, Thomas J Cunningham, Gregg Duester, Malcolm Logan, David S Jacobs and Nicola Illing

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  5. Within Malacostraca (Crustacea), direct development and development through diverse forms of larvae are found. Recent investigations suggest that larva-related developmental features have undergone heterochron...

    Authors: Günther Joseph Jirikowski, Carsten Wolff and Stefan Richter

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:4

    Content type: Research

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  6. Nodal is an important determinant of the left-right (LR) body axis in bilaterians, specifying the right side in protostomes and non-chordate deuterostomes as opposed to the left side in chordates. Amphioxus re...

    Authors: Vladimir Soukup, Luok Wen Yong, Tsai-Ming Lu, Song-Wei Huang, Zbynek Kozmik and Jr-Kai Yu

    Citation: EvoDevo 2015 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  7. The Solenogastres (or Neomeniomorpha) are a taxon of aplacophoran molluscs with contentious phylogenetic placement. Since available developmental data on non-conchiferan (that is, aculiferan) molluscs mainly s...

    Authors: Emanuel Redl, Maik Scherholz, Christiane Todt, Tim Wollesen and Andreas Wanninger

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:48

    Content type: Research

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  8. The independent origin and evolution of leaves as small, simple microphylls or larger, more complex megaphylls in plants has shaped and influenced the natural composition of the environment. Significant contri...

    Authors: Jeremy Dkhar and Ashwani Pareek

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:47

    Content type: Review

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  9. Seahorses are well known for their highly derived head shape, prehensile tail and armoured body. They belong to the family of teleosts known as Syngnathidae, which also includes the pipefishes, pipehorses and ...

    Authors: Tamara Anne Franz-Odendaal and Dominique Adriaens

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:45

    Content type: Research

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  10. Hox genes are master regulatory genes that specify positional identities during axial development in animals. Discoveries regarding their concerted expression patterns have commanded intense interest due to th...

    Authors: Sophie Archambeault, Julia Ann Taylor and Karen D Crow

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:44

    Content type: Research

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  11. Among the Lophotrochozoa, cephalopods possess the highest degree of central nervous system (CNS) centralization and complexity. Although the anatomy of the developing cephalopod CNS has been investigated, the ...

    Authors: Tim Wollesen, Carmel McDougall, Bernard M Degnan and Andreas Wanninger

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:41

    Content type: Research

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  12. Understanding the molecular basis of craniofacial variation can provide insights into key developmental mechanisms of adaptive changes and their role in trophic divergence and speciation. Arctic charr (Salvelinus...

    Authors: Ehsan Pashay Ahi, Kalina Hristova Kapralova, Arnar Pálsson, Valerie Helene Maier, Jóhannes Gudbrandsson, Sigurdur S Snorrason, Zophonías O Jónsson and Sigrídur Rut Franzdóttir

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  13. Metazoan digestive systems develop from derivatives of ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm, and vary in the relative contribution of each germ layer across taxa and between gut regions. In a small number of well-s...

    Authors: Michael J Boyle, Emi Yamaguchi and Elaine C Seaver

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:39

    Content type: Research

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  14. Insect embryonic dorso-ventral patterning depends greatly on two pathways: the Toll pathway and the Bone Morphogenetic Protein pathway. While the relative contribution of each pathway has been investigated in ...

    Authors: Mateus Berni, Marcio Ribeiro Fontenele, Vitoria Tobias-Santos, Aline Caceres-Rodrigues, Flavia Borges Mury, Raquel Vionette-do-Amaral, Hatisaburo Masuda, Marcos Sorgine, Rodrigo Nunes da Fonseca and Helena Araujo

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:38

    Content type: Research

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  15. Proseriates (Proseriata, Platyhelminthes) are free-living, mostly marine, flatworms measuring at most a few millimetres. In common with many flatworms, they are known to be capable of regeneration; however, fe...

    Authors: Johannes Girstmair, Raimund Schnegg, Maximilian J Telford and Bernhard Egger

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:37

    Content type: Research

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  16. Although chordates descend from a segmented ancestor, the evolution of head segmentation has been very controversial for over 150 years. Chordates generally possess a segmented pharynx, but even though anatomi...

    Authors: Demian Koop, Jie Chen, Maria Theodosiou, João E Carvalho, Susana Alvarez, Angel R de Lera, Linda Z Holland and Michael Schubert

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  17. Multicellularity provides organisms with opportunities for cell-type specialization, but requires novel mechanisms to position correct proportions of different cell types throughout the organism. Dictyostelid ...

    Authors: Christina Schilde, Anna Skiba and Pauline Schaap

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:34

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mammals exhibit a remarkable variety of phenotypes and comparative studies using novel model species are needed to uncover the evolutionary developmental mechanisms generating this diversity. Here, we undertak...

    Authors: Sophie A Montandon, Athanasia C Tzika, António F Martins, Bastien Chopard and Michel C Milinkovitch

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:33

    Content type: Research

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  19. Annual killifishes inhabit temporary ponds and their embryos survive the dry season encased in the mud by entering diapause, a process that arrests embryonic development during hostile conditions. Annual killi...

    Authors: Luca Dolfi, Roberto Ripa and Alessandro Cellerino

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  20. The primary hormone of the vertebrate pineal gland, melatonin, has been identified broadly throughout the eukaryotes. While the role for melatonin in cyclic behavior via interactions with the circadian clock h...

    Authors: Rafael Peres, Adam M Reitzel, Yale Passamaneck, Solange Castro Afeche, José Cipolla-Neto, Antonio Carlos Marques and Mark Q Martindale

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  21. A particularly critical event in avian evolution was the transition from long- to short-tailed birds. Primitive bird tails underwent significant alteration, most notably reduction of the number of caudal verte...

    Authors: Dana J Rashid, Susan C Chapman, Hans CE Larsson, Chris L Organ, Anne-Gaelle Bebin, Christa S Merzdorf, Roger Bradley and John R Horner

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:25

    Content type: Review

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  22. Segmentation is a feature of the body plans of a number of diverse animal groupings, including the annelids, arthropods and chordates. However, it has been unclear whether or not these different manifestations...

    Authors: Anthony Graham, Thomas Butts, Andrew Lumsden and Clemens Kiecker

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:24

    Content type: Review

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  23. The bHLH-PAS transcription factors are found in both protostomes and deuterostomes. They are involved in many developmental and physiological processes, including regional differentiation of the central nervou...

    Authors: Kun-Lung Li, Tsai-Ming Lu and Jr-Kai Yu

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:20

    Content type: Research

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  24. Germline specification in some animals is driven by the maternally inherited germ plasm during early embryogenesis (inheritance mode), whereas in others it is induced by signals from neighboring cells in mid o...

    Authors: Gee-way Lin, Charles E Cook, Toru Miura and Chun-che Chang

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:18

    Content type: Research

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  25. The Sox genes, a family of transcription factors characterized by the presence of a high mobility group (HMG) box domain, are among the central groups of developmental regulators in the animal kingdom. They are i...

    Authors: Christine E Schnitzler, David K Simmons, Kevin Pang, Mark Q Martindale and Andreas D Baxevanis

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  26. The Onychophora are a probable sister group to Arthropoda, one of the most intensively studied animal phyla from a developmental perspective. Pioneering work on the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and subsequen...

    Authors: Mattias Hogvall, Anna Schönauer, Graham E Budd, Alistair P McGregor, Nico Posnien and Ralf Janssen

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  27. For animal cells, ciliation and mitosis appear to be mutually exclusive. While uniciliated cells can resorb their cilium to undergo mitosis, multiciliated cells apparently can never divide again. Nevertheless,...

    Authors: April M Bird, George von Dassow and Svetlana A Maslakova

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  28. Crustaceans of the genus Daphnia are one of the oldest model organisms in ecotoxicology, ecology and evolutionary biology. The publication of the Daphnia pulex genome has facilitated the development of genetic to...

    Authors: Beate Mittmann, Petra Ungerer, Marleen Klann, Angelika Stollewerk and Carsten Wolff

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  29. A key early step in embryogenesis is the establishment of the major body axes; the dorsal-ventral (DV) and anterior-posterior (AP) axes. Determination of these axes in some insects requires the function of dif...

    Authors: Megan J Wilson, Nathan J Kenny and Peter K Dearden

    Citation: EvoDevo 2014 5:11

    Content type: Research

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