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  1. Content type: Research

    Digital anatomical atlases are increasingly used in order to depict different gene expression patterns and neuronal morphologies within a standardized reference template. In evo-devo, a discipline in which the...

    Authors: Albina Asadulina, Aurora Panzera, Csaba Verasztó, Christian Liebig and Gáspár Jékely

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:27

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  2. Content type: Research

    The Hawaiian endemic genus Clermonti a (Campanulaceae) includes 22 species, 15 of which, the double-corolla species, are characterized by an extra whorl of organs that appear to be true petals occupying what is n...

    Authors: Katherine A Hofer, Raili Ruonala and Victor A Albert

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:26

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  3. Content type: Research

    Animals with a spiral cleavage program, such as mollusks and annelids, make up the majority of the superphylum Lophotrochozoa. The great diversity of larval and adult body plans in this group emerges from this...

    Authors: Deirdre C Lyons, Kimberly J Perry, Maryna P Lesoway and Jonathan Q Henry

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:21

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  4. Content type: Research

    The gastrula stage represents the point in development at which the three primary germ layers diverge. At this point the gene regulatory networks that specify the germ layers are established and the genes that...

    Authors: Roy Vaughn, Nancy Garnhart, James R Garey, W Kelley Thomas and Brian T Livingston

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:19

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  5. Content type: Research

    Variation in fruit morphology is important for plant fitness because it influences dispersal capabilities. Approximately half the members of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) exhibit fruits with segmentation and...

    Authors: Mariano Avino, Elena M Kramer, Kathleen Donohue, Alexander J Hammel and Jocelyn C Hall

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:20

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  6. Content type: Research

    The mechanisms by which the conserved genetic “toolkit” for development generates phenotypic disparity across metazoans is poorly understood. Echinoderm larvae provide a great resource for understanding how de...

    Authors: Brenna S McCauley, Erin P Wright, Cameron Exner, Chisato Kitazawa and Veronica F Hinman

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:17

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  7. Content type: Research

    Talpid moles show many specializations in their adult skeleton linked to fossoriality, including enlarged hands when compared to the feet. Heterochrony in developmental mechanisms is hypothesized to account fo...

    Authors: Constanze Bickelmann, Christian Mitgutsch, Michael K Richardson, Rafael Jiménez, Merijn AG de Bakker and Marcelo R Sánchez-Villagra

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:16

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  8. Content type: Research

    Intercellular signaling via the Notch pathway regulates cell fate, patterning, differentiation and proliferation, and is essential for the proper development of bilaterians and cnidarians. To investigate the o...

    Authors: Gemma S Richards and Bernard M Degnan

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:15

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  9. Content type: Research

    Sox genes are HMG-domain containing transcription factors with important roles in developmental processes in animals; many of them appear to have conserved functions among eumetazoans. Demosponges have fewer S...

    Authors: Sofia Fortunato, Marcin Adamski, Brith Bergum, Corina Guder, Signe Jordal, Sven Leininger, Christin Zwafink, Hans Tore Rapp and Maja Adamska

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:14

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  10. Content type: Research

    Annelids and arthropods each possess a segmented body. Whether this similarity represents an evolutionary convergence or inheritance from a common segmented ancestor is the subject of ongoing investigation.

    Authors: Elaine C Seaver, Emi Yamaguchi, Gemma S Richards and Néva P Meyer

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:8

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  11. Content type: Research

    In the polychaete Platynereis, the primordial germ cells (PGCs) emerge from the vasa, piwi, and PL10 expressing mesodermal posterior growth zone (MPGZ) at the end of larval development, suggesting a post-embryoni...

    Authors: Nicole Rebscher, Anika Kristin Lidke and Christian Friedrich Ackermann

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:9

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  12. Content type: Review

    Flatworm embryology has attracted attention since the early beginnings of comparative evolutionary biology. Considered for a long time the most basal bilaterians, the Platyhelminthes (excluding Acoelomorpha) a...

    Authors: José María Martín-Durán and Bernhard Egger

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:7

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  13. Content type: Research

    Larval features such as the apical organ, apical ciliary tuft, and ciliated bands often complicate the evaluation of hypotheses regarding the origin of the adult bilaterian nervous system. Understanding how ne...

    Authors: Scott Santagata, Carlee Resh, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q Martindale and Yale J Passamaneck

    Citation: EvoDevo 2012 3:3

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  14. Content type: Research

    Here we provide the most comprehensive study to date on the cranial ossification sequence in Lipotyphla, the group which includes shrews, moles and hedgehogs. This unique group, which encapsulates diverse ecol...

    Authors: Daisuke Koyabu, Hideki Endo, Christian Mitgutsch, Gen Suwa, Kenneth C Catania, Christoph PE Zollikofer, Sen-ichi Oda, Kazuhiko Koyasu, Motokazu Ando and Marcelo R Sánchez-Villagra

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:21

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  15. Content type: Research

    RNAs for embryo patterning and for germ cell specification are localized to the vegetal cortex of the oocyte of Xenopus laevis. In oocytes of the direct developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui, orthologous RNAs f...

    Authors: Richard P Elinson, Michelle C Sabo, Cara Fisher, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Hidefumi Orii and Kimberly Nath

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:20

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  16. Content type: Research

    Reptiles are largely under-represented in comparative genomics despite the fact that they are substantially more diverse in many respects than mammals. Given the high divergence of reptiles from classical mode...

    Authors: Athanasia C Tzika, Raphaël Helaers, Gerrit Schramm and Michel C Milinkovitch

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:19

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  17. Content type: Research

    Nematodes can be subdivided into basal Enoplea (clades 1 and 2) and more derived Chromadorea (clades 3 to 12). Embryogenesis of Caenorhabditis elegans (clade 9) has been analyzed in most detail. Their establishme...

    Authors: Jens Schulze and Einhard Schierenberg

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:18

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  18. Content type: Database

    As whole genome and transcriptome sequencing gets cheaper and faster, a great number of 'exotic' animal models are emerging, rapidly adding valuable data to the ever-expanding Evo-Devo field. All these new org...

    Authors: Mattias Ormestad, Mark Q Martindale and Eric Röttinger

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:17

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  19. Content type: Research

    A number of innovations underlie the origin of rapid reproductive cycles in angiosperms. A critical early step involved the modification of an ancestrally short and slow-growing pollen tube for faster and long...

    Authors: Jason M Abercrombie, Brian C O'Meara, Andrew R Moffatt and Joseph H Williams

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:14

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  20. Content type: Research

    MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs regulating expression of protein coding genes at post-transcriptional level and controlling several biological processes. At present microRNAs have been identified in various...

    Authors: Simona Candiani, Luca Moronti, Davide De Pietri Tonelli, Greta Garbarino and Mario Pestarino

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:15

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  21. Content type: Research

    Bryozoa is a clade of aquatic protostomes. The bryozoan life cycle typically comprises a larval stage, which metamorphoses into a sessile adult that proliferates by asexual budding to form colonies. The homolo...

    Authors: Judith Fuchs, Mark Q Martindale and Andreas Hejnol

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:13

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  22. Content type: Research

    The Sox genes are important regulators of animal development belonging to the HMG domain-containing class of transcription factors. Studies in bilaterian models have notably highlighted their pivotal role in cont...

    Authors: Muriel Jager, Eric Quéinnec, Hervé Le Guyader and Michaël Manuel

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:12

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  23. Content type: Research

    Mammals as a rule have seven cervical vertebrae, except for sloths and manatees. Bateson proposed that the change in the number of cervical vertebrae in sloths is due to homeotic transformations. A recent hypo...

    Authors: Irma Varela-Lasheras, Alexander J Bakker, Steven D van der Mije, Johan AJ Metz, Joris van Alphen and Frietson Galis

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:11

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  24. Content type: Research

    Stem cells have a critical role during adult growth and regeneration. Germline stem cells are specialized stem cells that produce gametes during sexual reproduction. Capitella teleta (formerly Capitella sp. I) is...

    Authors: Vincent C Giani Jr, Emi Yamaguchi, Michael J Boyle and Elaine C Seaver

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:10

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  25. Content type: Research

    Eyes in bilaterian metazoans have been described as being composed of either ciliary or rhabdomeric photoreceptors. Phylogenetic distribution, as well as distinct morphologies and characteristic deployment of ...

    Authors: Yale J Passamaneck, Nina Furchheim, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q Martindale and Carsten Lüter

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:6

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  26. Content type: Short report

    Tremendous progress has been made in the field of evo-devo through comparisons of related genes from diverse taxa. While the vast number of species in nature precludes a complete analysis of the molecular evol...

    Authors: Alison Heffer and Leslie Pick

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:7

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  27. Content type: Research

    Segmentation is a hallmark of the arthropods; most knowledge about the molecular basis of arthropod segmentation comes from work on the fly Drosophila melanogaster. In this species a hierarchic cascade of segment...

    Authors: Ralf Janssen, Graham E Budd, Nikola-Michael Prpic and Wim GM Damen

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:5

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  28. Content type: Research

    Nuclear receptors (NRs) are an ancient superfamily of metazoan transcription factors that play critical roles in regulation of reproduction, development, and energetic homeostasis. Although the evolutionary re...

    Authors: Adam M Reitzel, Kevin Pang, Joseph F Ryan, James C Mullikin, Mark Q Martindale, Andreas D Baxevanis and Ann M Tarrant

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:3

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  29. Content type: Research

    Gastrulation is a uniquely metazoan character, and its genesis was arguably the key step that enabled the remarkable diversification within this clade. The process of gastrulation involves two tightly coupled ...

    Authors: Shalika Kumburegama, Naveen Wijesena, Ronghui Xu and Athula H Wikramanayake

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:2

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  30. Content type: Research

    Cichlid fishes have undergone rapid, expansive evolutionary radiations that are manifested in the diversification of their trophic morphologies, tooth patterning and coloration. Understanding the molecular mec...

    Authors: Adina J Renz, Helen M Gunter, Jan MF Fischer, Huan Qiu, Axel Meyer and Shigehiro Kuraku

    Citation: EvoDevo 2011 2:1

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